TMC - Treasures, Art Dealers, Collections. The artistic Dialogue between Spain and America: 1850-1950

1. The flow of art works towards the US (manuscripts, books, paintings, sculptures, tapestries, furniture, architectural items, and so on) as a consequence of the changes caused by disentailments, wars, and the new organization of the art market.
2. American collections and collectors: Archer Milton Huntington, Henry Clay Frick, Henry O. Hevemeyer, John Pierpont Morgan, Isabella Stewart Gardner. These great American collectors emerged during the American industrial revolution, which gave rise to the Golden Age of American collecting (Gilded Age).
3. The world of art dealers and agents: Joseph Duveen, Bernard Berenson, Francis Lathrop, Natili Randolph, Arthur Byne, Mildred Stapley, Raimundo i Ricardo Madrazo, Josep Pijoan, José Gestoso, etc.
4. Collections: use and function. The history of collections revolves around the history of objects and their metaphors. A collection is, by itself, a system of symbols, which socializes artists and objects in new locations, outside their normal social use, in a new system that subordinates everything to the collection.
5. A mutual discovery: In the 19th century, American artists such as Samuel Colman, Mary Cassat, and John Singer Sargent admired the Spanish artists of the Golden Age, especially Velázquez, while the Spanish artists Joaquin Sorolla, Federico Madrazo, Ignacio Zuloaga, Miquel Viladrich and Ramon Casas, among many others, felt the pull of the rich American market.
6. Architecture and collecting: This section is divided into three parts. The first one deals with the relation between collections and the buildings that house them, as well as their relation with the collectors’ role and tastes (for example, the Hispanic Society, created by Archer M. Huntington, or Isabella Stewart Gardner’s Boston Museum). The second part focuses on the importance of the ‘Spanish Revival Architecture’ style and the role of architects such as Julia Morgan, George Washington Smith and Addison Minzer, and the subsequent demand for Spanish pieces – objets d’art, coffered ceilings, ceramics, furniture and grilles. And the third part deals with the export of architectural pieces towards the US, with Arthur Byne as one of the most important agents and his client, William Randolph Hearst.

Coordinator of the Research Team: prof.Immaculada Socias, Universidad Barcelona(Collaboratori) Researchers: Itziar Arana. - Universita degli Studi, Padova; Jonathan Brown. - Institute of Fine Arts. New York University;Ignacio Cano Rivero. - Museo de Bellas Artes de Sevilla; Maria Antonia Casanovas - Museu de la Ceràmica, Barcelona; Esteban Castañer – Université de Perpignan; Carolina Naya Franco - Universidad de Zaragoza; María Dolores Jiménez-Blanco - Universidad Complutense, Madrid ; Richard Kagan - Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore; José Maria Luzón Nogué – Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando; Lauro Magnani - Universita degli Studi, Gènova ; Sofia Mata de la Cruz - Universitat Rovira i Virgili,Tarragona ; Maria Luisa Menéndez Robles - Universidad Carlos III, Madrid; Joan Molet i Petit - Universitat de Barcelona; Marta Nezzo- Università degli Studi di Padova; Nuria Peist - Universitat de Barcelona; Mònica Piera - Associació per a l'Estudi del Moble ; Maria Dolores Sánchez-Jauregui - Universidad Complutense, Madrid; Suzanne L. Stratton-Pruitt - Saint Joseph University, Philadelphia; Marta Nezzo, Università degli Studi di Padova.

Enti coinvolti
Institute of Fine Arts.New York University; Museo de Bellas Artes de Sevilla; Museu de la Ceràmica, Barcelona; Université de Perpignan; Universidad de Zaragoza;Universidad Complutense, Madrid; Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore; Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando; Università degli Studi di Genova; Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona; Universidad Carlos III,Madrid; Universitat de Barcelona; Universitat de Barcelona; Associació per a l'Estudi del Moble; Universidad Complutense, Madrid; Saint Joseph University, Philadelphia.

Anno di inizio: 2009
Anno di chiusura: 2013
Disciplina afferente
Museologia e critica artistica e del restauro


The main aim of this project is to promote research, innovation and knowledge transfer, by focusing on the relations between artists and collectors in Spain and the US between approximately 1850 and 1950, the golden years of American collecting. This phenomenon, which has not been widely studied to date, touches on three broad areas of art history: art works, art dealers, and collections.


La funzione dei musei civici nella vita municipale italiana: riflessioni d'inizio secolo di uno storico dell'arte. In: R. Cioffi, O. Scognamiglio. Mosaico. Temi e metodi d'arte e critica per Gianni Carlo Sciolla. Napoli:Luciano Editore, 2012, p. 561-569.


Linee di ricerca: Storia arte e cultura materiale Teoria metodi e critica dei BBCC